PDF | On Jan 1, , Lixin Wang and others published The Mughal Empire. The Mughal Empire (The New Cambridge History of India. A hundred years later, another leader of mixed Mongol and Turkic origin arose in Timur (also known as The Mughal Empire starts with Babur, the first emperor. Political history. THE MUGHAL EMPIRES FIRST PHASE (–40). At the beginning of the sixteenth century India was divided into a number of regional states.
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Mughal Empire – GK + Study Notes [PDF]. June 11, February 27, GKArea INDIAN HISTORY. Important Points on Mughal Empire and Study Notes . Mogul Empire - Court and courtiers. 3. Princes - Mogul Empire. I. Title. DS F37 'dc23 ISBN Hardback . Fort in Delhi, the residence of the Mughal emperors. 4 THE MUGHAL his son Miran Shah (the first Mughal emperor Babur's great-great- grandfather) and then .
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He met in the battlefield with Mohammad Lodhi. Babur struggled for glory all his life He was born a leader of men and he maintained a strong discipline in his ranks From Himalayas to Gwalior: his kingdom extension Babur in his 4 years in India spent time in conquests Babur was also a great scholar.
He could easily write in Persian or Turkish. Nasir-ud-din Mohammad Humayun was his full name Humayun was fortunate as his father made preparations for his education and he was assigned to certain planning and affairs At 20, he became governor of Badkhasha Humayun took parts in his fathers campaigns and battles Without permission of his father, he returned to India and left the post of Badkhasha.
Babur died in so Hamayun became emperor Nobles were against Humayun because his pleasure taking and addiction to opium Conspiracy was hatching against Humayun and made conspirators made plans to make Mehdi Khawaja king Mehdi Khawaja was the brother n law of Hamayun In December , Humayun became king Law of Primokinature: the kings cannot be king After Humayns death conflicts arose Princes started to claim the throne Mughal army was not a national army at that time and there was mlange of people in the army.
Sheh Shah Khan Suri was the most ambitious of the whole Afghan. Humayun fled to Lahore.
Sher Shah occupied Delhi. Sher Shah founded the Sur dynasty after the battle.
Till his death After Islam Shahs death the Sur dynasty started decaying Country was thrown into confusion because of civil war Humayun takes advantage of this. His exile was about for years.
With the help of Behram Khan, he occupies Lahore. After defeating Sikander Sur the rebel governor of Punjab. His took the title Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar.
After this war he occupied Delhi and Agra. His regent name was Bairam Khan.
Akbar ended the regency and proceeded to conquer various important town like Gwalior, Ajmer and Jaunpur. Birbal was the first Hindu who followed this religion.
He was buried at Sikandra near Agra after his death. He used Persian as an official language in India. Jahangir: — Jahangir was the eldest son of Akbar. His original name was Salim.
Captain Hawkins from East-India Company came to his court in He had to face revolts in Bundelkhand and Deccan in the very first year.
He built Taj Mahal to perpetuate the memory of his wife Mumtaj. He ruled for almost 50 years.Conquer and domination was not their only concern. Captain Hawkins from East-India Company came to his court in However he failed to consolidate his power in western India.
Akbar who lost all heir desired one to inherit his vast empire Akbars other two sons Daniyal and Murad died because of excessive drinking Jehangir survived so he became king Jehangir knew Persian, Arabic, Hindi, and Turkish Salim was administered for military at an early age Jehangir married Raja Bhagwanas daughter Salim was anxious to grab sovereign power Salims revolt against Akbar After his assesstion to the throne Jehangir tried to win the hearts of the people by following steps He issued an ordinance that was put out for the whole empire: Ordinance: 1.
Aurangzeb imprisoned Shahjahan and ascended the throne in After defeating Sikander Sur the rebel governor of Punjab. Navaratna or Nine Jewels of Akbar: Conquest of Rajput state: Almost all of the Rajput states except the Ranas of Mewar recognized the supremacy of Akbar.
Raja Man Singh — Mansabdar. Till his death After Islam Shahs death the Sur dynasty started decaying Country was thrown into confusion because of civil war Humayun takes advantage of this.