Elementary Language Practice 3rd Edition by Michael Vince Advanced Language Practice English Grammar and Vocabulary Michael Vince. Vince,-MichaelElementary-Language-Practice-with-Key-(gr).pdf. Advanced. Language Practice. With key th._ _J. VMichaeI Vince with Peter Sunderland. English Grammar and. Vocabulary. MACTM ILLAN. Advanced Language Practice with key. Michael Vince with Peter Sunderland. English Grammar and Vocabulary MACMILLAN.
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Advanced Language Practice with Key michael vince. Diana Vlasceanu. Loading Preview. Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. You can download the paper. If you had informed us. advance that you wouldn't be giving any seminar we wouldn't have gone The Practice of English Language Teaching. PDF Drive is your search engine for PDF files. As of today we have 78,, eBooks for you to download for free. No annoying ads, no download limits, enjoy .
Or they can be generally in progress but not actually happening at the moment: I'm learning to drive. State verbs and event action or dynamic verbs State verbs describe a continuing state, so do not usually have a continuous form.
Typical examples are: believe, belong, consist, contain, doubt, fit, have, know, like, love, matter, mean, need, own, prefer, seem, suppose, suspect, understand, want, wish Some verbs have a stative meaning and a different active meaning. Typical examples are: be, depend, feel, have, measure, see, taste, think, weigh Compare these uses: State Event Jack is noisy.
Jill's being noisy. Deirdre has a Porsche. We're having an interesting conversation! I think I like you! David's thinking about getting a new job. This fish tastes awful! I'm just tasting the soup. I feel that you are wrong. I'm feeling terrible. This bag weighs a ton! We're weighing the baby. It depends what you mean. Bill, I'm depending on you to win this contract for us.
The differences here apply to all verb forms, not just to present verb forms. Repeated actions My car has broken down, so I am walking to work these days. Complaints about annoying habits You are always making snide remarks about my cooking! Other possible adverbs are: constantly, continually, forever With verbs describing change and development The weather is getting worse! More and more people are giving up smoking.
Other uses of present simple Making declarations Verbs describing opinions and feelings tend to be state verbs. I hope you'll come to my party. I bet you don't know the answer! I hereby declare this hospital open! Headlines These are written in a 'telegram' style, and references to the past are usually simplified to present simple.
Ship sinks in midnight collision. Instructions and itineraries Instructions and recipes can be written in present simple instead of in imperative forms. This style is more personal. First you roll out the pastry. Itineraries are descriptions of travel arrangements. On day three we visit Stratford-upon-Avon. Summaries of events Plots of stories, films etc, and summaries of historical events use present and present perfect verb forms.
May The war in Europe conies to an end. At the end of the play both families realise that their hatred caused the deaths of the lovers So then the second man asks the first one why he has a banana in his ear and the first one says You've put too much salt in.
I depend on her. Please be quiet, David. Hey, you! Could you come here please? I want to talk to you now. Jane is away on holiday so Linda handle her work. To be honest, I doubt whether Jim will be here next week. You've only just started the job, haven't you?
C Programming Language
Pay no attention to Graham. Put each verb in brackets into the present simple or present continuous. I work in a large office with about thirty other people, most of whom I know quite well. We 2 spend most of the day 1 together, so we have all become friends. In fact, most of my colleagues are so interesting, that I 3 think of writing a book about them! Helen 5 run the accounts department. At the moment she 6 go out with Keith Ballantine, one of the sales representatives, and they 7 seem very happy together.
But everyone - except Helen apparently 8 know that Keith 9 fancy Susan Porter. But I 10 happen to know that Susan 11 dislike Keith. He 14 see Betty Wills from the overseas department. For instance, every week we 16 experience more and more problems with theft - personal belongings and even money have been stolen.
When you 17 realise that someone in your office is a thief, it 18 upset you at first. I'm not going to tell you who I 20 suspect. Well, not yet anyway!
Do not change the word in bold. Charles b Take all your possessions and walk slowly to the exit. B I'm not going. C I don't go. B won't have been needing it. C am not needing it. B will have been ready in a minute.
C will be ready in a minute, h Can you send me the results as soon as you A hear anything? B are hearing anything? C will have heard anything? B it's not doing you any good. C it won't be doing you any good, j Don't worry about the mistake you made, nobody A is noticing. B will notice.
C will be noticing. Do not change the word given. Decide which two are correct. A What will we do now? B What do we do now? C What are we going to do now?
B we're going to have a meeting. C we will have a meeting. B What is your mother going to say? C What is your mother saying? B it's raining tomorrow. C it's going to rain tomorrow. B What'll you be doing in the morning? C What are you doing in the morning?
B I am to get up late. C I'm going to get up late. B I'm having a party. C I'll be having a party. A It'll be a great trip. B It's going to be a great trip. C It's a great trip, i When you get to the airport A someone is going to be waiting for you. B someone is due to wait for you. C someone will be waiting for you. A I'm getting really angry. B I'm going to get really angry in a minute.
C I'm getting really angry in a minute. States In those days, I didn't like reading. While I was opening the letter, the phone rang. Most people were working at their desks, but Jane was staring out of the window and pretending to write something at the same time.
Changing states The car was getting worse all the time. One of the headlights was gradually falling off, and the engine was making more and more funny noises. Repeated actions - criticism With a frequency adverb, this use is similar to the use of present continuous to express annoyance. When Jane was at school, she was always losing things.
Past continuous is not used to describe general habitual actions, without the sense of criticism mentioned above. Past simple is used for this meaning. When I lived in London, I walked through the park every day. We use the past perfect when we are already talking about the past, and we want to go back to an earlier past time 'double past'.
By the time I got to the station, the train had left. Compare this with: The train left five minutes before I got to the station. When we talk about a sequence of past events in the order that they happened, we more commonly use the past simple, especially with quick, short actions. Past perfect continuous progressive The same contrasts between past simple and past continuous see previous section can be made in past perfect verb forms for events further back in the past. While I had been talking on the phone, Jimmy had escaped.
Unfulfilled past The whole place was deserted, but it was obvious that someone had beenevents living there. They'd been cooking in the kitchen for a start, and they hadn't bothered to clear up the mess. See Grammar The contrast may be stated or understood. This is usually considered incorrect, unless we consider used to as an unchanging semi-modal form. There is no present time reference possible. It describes a habitual activity which was typical of a person.
Every week he'd download his mother a bunch of flowers. Used to would also be possible here. Compare: I used to like cowboy films. Would is not possible here. Would is more common in written language and often occurs in reminiscences. I was thinking ofgoing to Italy this year, but I haven't decided.
I was about to do it, but I started doing something else. Jack was to have taken part, but he fell ill. How are you? I was going to phone you These are common with wonder.
I was wondering if you wanted to come to the cinema. See Grammar 11 and 12 for comment on this. See Grammar 4 for contrasts between past simple and present perfect verb forms. Past verb forms are also used to express unreal time. See Grammar 8 and 9. What had I done wrong? Where were you? If it is correct, write a tick.
If not, correct it. Text 1: The train 1 ground to a halt at a small station miles from London, andit 2 became apparent that the engine 3 had broken down. Everyone 4 wasgetting their cases down from the luggage racks, and we 5 were waiting on theplatform in the freezing wind for hours until the next train 6 was turning up.
Six months before the Professor's disappearance, he 2 wasreceiving a letter from Jean Dawson, the Professor's wife. In the letter, Jean 3 accused her husband of plotting to murder her. Gorse 4 considered whathis next step should be when the phone rang.
It was Sergeant Adams from theThames Valley police force. A fisherman 5 discovered a body in the RiverThames, and it 6 fitted the description of the Professor. We 2 decide to goon a cycling holiday in Normandy. Neither of us 3 be toFrance before, but we 4 know some French from our timeat school and we 5 manage to brush up on the basics.
Now we 6 wonder if we 7 make the right decision. We 8 plan our route carefully inadvance, but we 9 forget one important thing, theweather. It 10 rain solidly since our arrival and that nightwe 11 end up sleeping in the waiting room at a railwaystation.
Then the next morning as we 12 ride down asteep hill my bike 13 skid on the wet road and I 14 fall off. I 15 realise immediately that I 16 break my arm, and after a visit tothe local hospital I 17 catch the next train to Calais forthe ferry home. So I 20 spend a miserable couple of weeks alone, reading'Teach Yourself French'. Write O for one or B for both. Every Friday I 1 eat at the Alpscafe.
I didn't 2 to spend much money, as I 3 not afford it, but it was a little tradition of mine to eatthere. Anyway, I'm going to tell you a true story which happened on oneoccasion when I 4 eating there. I remember I was having apasta dish at 5 time. A beautiful girl came up to me andsaid, 'I was 6 if you wanted to walk with me in the park?
I was 8 to go with her when I noticed a tough-looking man waswatching our every movement. Well,my bill 10 ages to arrive, and by the time I 11 to the park, there was no sign of the girl.
I asked an oldlady 12 was sitting there if she 13 seen a young girl waiting around. I described the girl to her. The old lady saidthat the girl 14 had to rush to the railway station, and thatI 15 to follow her there urgently. She had also left me anote. It said, 'I will explain everything.
Meet me on platform 6. Several people shout at me, and one passer-by wave a newspaper in front of my face. The recentness may becontinuous indicated by just. We've missed the turning. I've just seen a ghost! How long have you been living here? Some verbs especially sit, lie, wait and stay prefer the continuous form. There may be a contrast between completion and incompletion, especially if the number of items completed is mentioned. Incomplete, or recently completed: Meaning with present perfect verb forms is associated with certain time expressions.
Contrast with past simple may depend on the choice of time expression. Past simple: I saw Jim recently. Others include: The sentences you make must be appropriate and meaningful. I haven't been waiting 4 for the time being.
She leave too late to catch the bus. The Home Office announce that the two prisoners who escape from Dartmoor prison earlier this morning give themselves up to local police. I try to get through to Glasgow for the past hour. Ever since then, I It's so polluted and expensive, and the people are so distant. You see, I I think I'm not alone in my aversion to the big city. According to a programme I Oh well, it's too late to change my mind now, because the job is up and running, and I But I must admit, over the past few days, I Reporter Philip Taggart visits a farm where the sheep are super fit!
Farmers, as you may This 4 involve not only planting new kinds of crops, but also some strange ways of making money, the most unusual of which has got to be sheep racing.
Yes, you 5 hear me correctly! A farmer in the west of England now 6 hold sheep races on a regular basis, and during the past year over , people 7 turn up to watch the proceedings.
But nobody 12 hear anything about these sheep! Most people 13 find it difficult to tell one from another in any case. In a typical race, half a dozen sheep 16 race downhill over a course of about half a mile. Food 17 wait for them at the other end of the track, I ought to add!
Our reporter, Sarah Hardie, goes to Otley Hall to experience a spooky weekend. There have been signs of paranormal activity at Otley Hall at various times If tales of headless huntsmen and wailing nuns 2 don't spook you out, do get this for a ghostly tale: If local folklore it is to be believed, he does 6 this without fail at midnight on 6 September every year, this is being the date 7 of the untimely death of one George Carpenter, the gardener of the hall, 8 who met his doom in the library, had burned by his own lantern.
Otley Hall 9 stands 3 miles north of the town of Rugby, England, and that is reputedly the 10 most haunted house in England, a claim which few who have never visited it 11 would dispute. Even the approach to the Hall is not much a journey to be 12 undertaken by the faint-hearted; at one point an executioner emerges 13 from the trees, was brandishing an axe, although it must be said that this 14 practice ceases after September, when the Hall is closed to visitors.
But it was all having great fun, and the ghostly maze on 19 the final day was terrific, even if I did never get to see George Carpenter.
The doctor will be with you 30 Who are you? What do you mean? O Put each verb in brackets into an appropriate verb form. Provided of course that the people you Although the King of Rock and Roll Jean The first time I But two years ago I Chris and I Like Las Vegas for example. You'll get them by Friday. If it's incorrect rewrite the phrase.
I wonder if you could give him a message from Sally Gordon? We would rent a small boat and go fishing every day. I've been hoping I'd see you. I've got some good news! It was constantly chasing the cats next door Every day we were exploring the city, and in the evening we were going to exciting bars It was growing darker and colder, and there was still no sign of the rescue helicopter All we have to do is wait here until someone will find us. Are you quite sure it was fresh? Explanations Basic uses of the passive Using and not mentioning the agent Agent and instrument The person who performs an action in a passive sentence is called the agent, introduced by by.
The agent may or may not be mentioned. My purse was found by one of the cleaners. A new road has been built. An object which causes something to happen is called an instrument, introduced by with. He was hit on the head with a hammer. Verbs with two objects Verbs which have two objects can be made passive in two ways.
A note was handed to me. Other common verbs of this type are: We elected Jim class representative. Everyone considered him a failure. When these are made passive, the complement goes directly after the verb. Jim was elected class representative. He was considered a failure. Verbs which can't be passive Most verbs with an object transitive verbs can be made passive: However, a few transitive verbs may not be used in the passive.
Verbs with no object intransitive can not be passive: Therefore it is not possible to say The tree was fallen'. Instead the sentence must be active: The tree fell. Change of focus The passive can change the emphasis of a sentence. Jack won the prize, focus on Jack The prize was won by Jack, focus on the prize 33 My wallet has been taken. In this case, there is no point in adding an agent: Generalised agent If the subject is 'people in general' or 'you' the agent is not mentioned.
Bicycles are widely used in the city instead of public transport. Obvious agent If the agent is obvious or has already been referred to, it is not mentioned. Linda has been arrested! Unimportant agent If the agent is not important to the meaning of the sentence it is not mentioned. Impersonality Using the passive is a way of avoiding the naming of a specific person who is responsible for an action.
In descriptions of processes, there is emphasis on the actions performed rather than on the people who perform them. Then the packets are packed into boxes of twenty-four.
Since the computer the work of accountants simplified. It that the shop should close. Your drinks in a moment. This window a knife. After your complaint , you will hear from us. Their engagement in the local paper. Nothing David again. Complete the second sentence. The huge stadium by the crowd. At least that is what is written on the menu. It think to be nearly twice the size of the largest existing field. BAN g They took Chris to court for dangerous driving.
Dear Mrs Patel, 38 We are delighted to inform you that you 1 select for a free holiday.
According to our information, you 2 answer a telephone survey last month, as a result of which your name 3 enter in the holiday draw. Now our computer 4 choose your name, so you and your family 5 invite to spend a week in a European destination of your choice.
This offer 6 make on the condition that you attend a special promotions day with other lucky families in your region who 7 offer a similar deal. You 8 ask to attend on any Saturday next month at the Royal Hotel, Manchester. If you 9 interest in attending and taking up this offer, please 10 detach the slip below and return it to us as soon as possible.
Put the verbs in brackets into a suitable passive verb form.
We'll try flexi-time for 3 months. After 3 months we'll get the opinions of all staff. We'll look at feedback comments and make a decision. We may try it for another month. All workers will have to arrive We hope you like the idea! The Managing Director TO: All staff trial period of three months.
After this period 2 elapse all members of staff 3 consult through their line manager, and feedback 4 seek. Comments 5 collect and analysed before a decision 6 make as to whether the system 7 adopt permanently or not. Alternatively, the trial period 8 extend for a further month. All employees 9 require to arrive between the hours of 8. It 10 hope that this arrangement meets with your enthusiastic approval! It can also describe something unfortunate that happens to someone. Get is more likely to be used than have when: Get your hair cut!
Note that get should not be used in the present perfect passive, where it would be confused with have got. Your hair needs cutting.
Get can be used instead of be to form the passive in spoken language. Martin got arrested at a football match. With present reference, the passive is followed by the present infinitive. The criminal is thought to be in hiding in the London area. Vitamin C is known to be good for treating colds.
Smith is believed to have left England last week. People thought Sue had paid too much. Sue was thought to have paid too much.
Language Practice for Advanced 4th Edition Student's Book and MPO with key Pack
The police thought that the thief was still in the house. The thief was thought to still be in the house. Everyone knows the portrait was painted by an Italian. The portrait is known to have been painted by an Italian.
Mary is thought to be living in Scotland. The driver is thought to have been doing a U-turn. Somebody broke into our house. Our house was broken into. The train was packed with commuters. The difference between by and with may involve the presence of a person: My boss made me work hard. I was made to work hard by my boss. Cover can also be followed by in.
The furniture was covered in dust. The living room had been decorated with flowery wallpaper. It is common in descriptions of processes, and in scientific and technical language in general. What do you think?
I've just cut my hair at the hairdresser's. We are painting our house at the moment. I'm having two teeth taken out tomorrow. We were made to tidy up by the teacher. Joy-riders are thought to have stolen the car.
I'll ask someone to wrap this for you. Just a minute. I'll have to wrap this up for you. We haven't had the car serviced for a long time.
We're putting in a new water-heater next week. Would you consider having your nose altered by plastic surgery?
We had checked the wiring with a qualified electrician. It 3 how the plane caught fire, but initial eye-witness accounts confirm that a trail of smoke 4 coming from the under-carriage. The fire 5 rapidly under control, but the pilot 6 make an emergency landing.
Five people 7 treated for shock. The plane 8 with business people flying to Belgium. All passengers 9 stay behind for questioning after landing at a military airport in northern France. Police 10 treating the incident as suspicious. Make sure the words underlined do not appear.
Nobody knows exactly when someone invented gunpowder. People know for a fact that the Chinese made rockets and fireworks long before people used gunpowder in Europe, which occurred at about the beginning of the thirteenth century. We generally believe that gunpowder brought to an end the 'Age of Chivalry', since anyone with a firearm could bring down a mounted knight.
In fact, people did not develop efficient firearms until the sixteenth century. They used gunpowder mainly in siege cannon when people first introduced it. Later they used it in engineering work and in mining, but they found that it was extremely dangerous.
Modern explosives have now replaced gunpowder, but we still use it for making fireworks, just as the Chinese did. A plane carrying 15 members of the government to a conference in Brussels 1 a small-scale fire earlier this morning.
The If it was snowing, we stayed at home. If you keep driving like that, you're going to have an accident. If you see Mark, tell him I'll ring him tomorrow. If I knew the answer, I'd tell you. If I was having a party, I wouldn't invite Marcia. The verb be usually takes the form were for all persons in these sentences, though was is used in everyday speech. Note that in the first person it is possible to use should instead of would.
If I left home, I think I should be lonely. If I had known you were coming, I would have met you at the station. If you come early, we can discuss the problem together. Hypothetical situations If I had the money, I could help you. Hypothetical past situations If you hadn't reminded me, I might have forgotten. With past events it adds a sense of regret.
The second part of the sentence is often left out. If only I had enough time! If only I hadn't drunk too much, this wouldn't have happened!
I'll go ahead and get the tickets unless you call me this afternoon. This means if you call me this afternoon, I won't get the tickets. See Grammar 13 for only if.
I'll do what you say provided the police are not informed. Even if describes how something will happen whatever the condition. Even if it rains, we'll still go for a picnic. If you should see Ann, could you ask her to call me? This implies that I do not expect you to see Ann. If I were to ask you to marry me, what would you say? It is often used with should. If you happen to see Helen, could you ask her to call me? If you should happen to be passing, drop in for a cup of tea. If it weren't for Jim, this company would be in a mess.
If it hadn't been for their goalkeeper, United would have lost.Contrast with past simple Past simple is used with time expressions which refer to definite times. Typical examples are: be, depend, feel, have, measure, see, taste, think, weigh Compare these uses: State Event Jack is noisy. A note was handed to me. Other possible adverbs are: constantly, continually, forever With verbs describing change and development The weather is getting worse! It can also describe something unfortunate that happens to someone.
The company will make a profit next year. Vince, michael advanced language practice. The first time I Change of focus The passive can change the emphasis of a sentence. Be due to refers to scheduled times.